Pendidikan Karakter

Dalam dunia pendidikan, istilah Pendidikan karakter bukanlah istilah yang asing. Dan memang benar, walaupun istilah ini mungkin masih tergolong baru digunakan, akan tetapi pola-pola yang diterapkan dalam program pendidikan model ini sudah jauh sejak dulu diterapkan.

Pendidikan karakter adalah sebuah metode pendidikan dimana pendidikan (atau saya lebih suka menggunakan istilah pembelajaran) memiliki sifat berkembang, meningkat dan berkelanjutan. Dalam model ini baik metode maupun kwalitas dari pendidikan diharapkan akan berkembang terus sesuai dengan kemampuan siswa dan perkemangan zaman.

Pertanyaannya, apanya yang harus dikembangkan? jumlah peserta didik kah? kompetensi peserta didik kah? atau sikap dan mentalitas dari peserta didik.

Berbagai macam metode dan tolok ukur yang digunakan untuk mengukur hal-hal tersebut diatas, dan bahkan kita memiliki penafsiran tersendiri tentang pendidikan karakter.

Dalam Islam sendiri, model pendidikan karakter merupakan salah satu pokok dari ajaran Islam. Dalam Al Qur’an Surah Al Hasyr ayat 18, berbunyi,

“Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bertakwalah kepada Allah dan hendaklah setiap diri memperhatikan apa yang telah diperbuatnya untuk hari esok (akhirat); dan bertakwalah kepada Allah, sesungguhnya Allah Maha Mengetahui apa yang kamu kerjakan”

― AL Hasyr:18

Ini adalah salah satu dari sekian banyak ayat Al Qur’an yang memerintahkan bagaimana seorang mu’min harus terus melakukan self improvement. Dan masih banyak lagi ayat-ayat senada yang mengajarkan, menganjurkan, dan menyemangati tentang self improvement.

Antara iman dan peningkatan kwalitas pribadi

Agak berbeda dengan konsep pendidikan karakter yang umum dipahami, pola pendidikan karakter dalam Islam jauh lebih maju.

Dalam metode pendidikan Islam, pola pengembangan diri yang diajarkan mengacu pada metode-metode dan contoh-contoh yang jelas. Metode yang empiris, sistematis, komprehensif, dan berkesinambungan, serta memiliki tolok ukur yang jelas. Mengapa demikian? karena dalam Islam semua hal yang dibutuhkan dalam metode pengembangan diri dan hal-hal berhubungan dengan itu sudah disediakan. Kita hanya tinggal menerapkan saja. Sebagai contoh, jika kita mencari model manusia dalam penerapan konsep dan metode pendidikan karakter dalam Islam, kita hanya cukup mencontoh bagaimana Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم .Meniru Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم dalam Islam merupakan sebuah konsekuensi dari Iman dan sebuah bentuk ibadah. Dan ini dapat mencakup semua hal yang termasuk didalamnya pola pendidikan.

Sistem yang paripurna

Konsep dan metodelogi pendidikan karakter dalam Islam tidak hanya membahas tentang pengembangan potensi diri. Islam juga mengajarkan tentang bagaimana setiap pribadi memproyeksikan apa yang mereka lakukan pada masa kini untuk masa depan. Mengapa demikian? karena semua yang diajarkan dalam Islam selalu berkaitan dengan sikap dan cara bagaimana menjaga dan meningkatkan apa yang telah ada. Baik dalam hal moralitas, sikap, dan kwalitas diri. Bagaimana Islam mengajarkan tentang hubungan antar manusia yang berbeda ras, berbeda status sosial, berbeda jenis kelamin, dan lain-lain. semua itu diperkokoh dengan adanya pondasi vertikal melalui konsep bagaimana seorang manusia menjaga dan terus memperbaiki hubungan dengan Allah. Dan semua yang dilakukan tersebut akan memiliki dampak di masa depan, maksud saya lebih jauh lagi kedepan; yaitu akhirat.

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